AT THE FOOT OF THE VINE WALLS

In Thomery

Before the development of transport and the arrival of exotic fruits, the only fresh fruit you would find on tables throughout the year was the Chasselas grape of Thomery!

The town of Thomery boasts a singular and exceptional architectural heritage: vine walls. Listed as historic monuments, the first walls designed for grape growing were built here in the sixteenth century to cultivate Golden Chasselas vines taken from the king’s climbing vine stocks.

This original growing method (climbing vines grown against walls) made it possible to produce very flavoursome grapes.
Initially very popular with Louis XV and his Court, the Thomery Chasselas first appeared on the tables of the European nobility before gradually becoming more widespread.
It experienced great growth with the development of a preservation technique involving harvesting grapes early, making the sale of fresh grapes possible throughout the year.
The vine shoots and grapes were preserved from October to May in small glass bottles containing water and a piece of coal, in grape storage rooms, protected from heat and light.
Cultivation in heated greenhouses made it possible to harvest the precious golden grapes as early as May.

For nearly a century, the Thomery Chasselas was the only fresh fruit available in winter, making it an exceptional luxury product. Each year, more than 1000 tons were shipped throughout France and as far as Russia, by river from the Port d’Effondré and, beginning in 1849, by train, which carried the goods to the Halles de Paris.

Several harsh winters, parasites and mildew wiped out almost 90% of production on the eve of the First World War. The development of transport, and competition in the form of grapes from Moissac and exotic fruits made popular thanks to the Colonial Exhibition of 1930, sounded the death knell of this adventure in viticulture. The last consignment of Chasselas grapes was shipped to Paris in 1970. Later, Thomery attempted to build on this recent legacy with the creation of detoxifying grape-based treatments (known as “ cures uvales ”). Today, this grape is only grown by private individuals.

Places to see in Thomery

The Longs Sillons site

Listed as a historic monument.
This path winds through the network of walls, all the way to the Port d’Effondrée. It can be accessed from Rue de la République (D301). A car park is located nearby.


Le port d’effondré

Built under the reign of Philip Augustus, for the transport of sandstone from Fontainebleau, this port was later used to ship grapes to Paris.
For further information please call the Moret-sur-Loing Tourist Office
Phone: 33 (0)1 60 70 41 66
Email: tourisme@ccmsl.com

 
Vine walls: faster ripening

Vine walls: faster ripening !

Well exposed and backing on to a wall, the vine can make better use of sunlight, as the stone traps heat and releases it during the night.
Standing 2.15 metres high, the walls are built with 8 to 10-metre spacing, to avoid casting shadows on one another.
This growing method not only allows the grapes to ripen more rapidly, it gives them a more delicate, sweet flavour..

 

Places to visit in Thomery related to grape growing

The greenhouses of Jardin Salomon

his greenhouse is the last of a set formed by the ” Salomon et Fils ” wine-growing establishment in Thomery.
They were designed to grow grapes early and enabled selections and experiments.
Access via place Greffülhe.

A guided tour

to discover the village of Thomery.
Today, it is possible to visit part of the Longs Sillons paths that wind between the vine walls, leading to the former Port d’Effondré, as well as grape storage rooms and the greenhouses of Jardin Salomon.
For further information about the guided tour:
MSL Tourist Office
Phone: +33 (0)1 60 70 41 66,
Email: tourisme@ccmsl.com

Other places to visit

Rosa Bonheur studio (museum)
and
Alfred Sisley,
Impressionist painter who depicted Thomery and its landscapes





Contact us

All of Moret Seine & Loing Tourist Office team is at your disposal.

  • Address:
    4 bis, place de Samois, Moret-sur-Loing, 77250 Moret-Loing-et-Orvanne France
  • GPS coordinates: 48.373839, 2.814830
  • Phone:
    01 60 70 41 66
  • Email:
    tourisme@ccmsl.com